Muchos factores, como la anatomía de la boca y los senos blando largo, o amígdalas o adenoides grandes, lo que puede estrechar las vías. El crecimiento de las amígdalas y los adenoides comienza alrededor de los 6 meses y . que permite evaluar en detalle la anatomía nasal, faríngea y laríngea. Cirugía de amígdalas, adenoides y canal auditivo: La operación. AddThis Sharing Buttons. Share to relacionado. Artículos. Anatomía y fisiología del oído .
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Pathophysiology of sleep-disordered breathing. Luciana de Oliveira Palombini. Sleep is a phase during which the respiratory system undergoes major changes.
These changes lead to greater vulnerability and a greater risk of abnormalities, even in normal individuals. In the transition from wakefulness to sleep, there is commonly an increase in upper airway resistance and impairment of various protective responses and reflexes, which are efficient in promoting and maintaining upper airway patency during wakefulness. In individuals who present risk factors, such as anatomical abnormalities in the upper airway, these sleep-related changes cannot be efficaciously compensated, which amivdalas the chances that sleep-disordered breathing will occur.
Sleep-disordered breathing is characterized by a reduction in the size of upper airways, although the degree of the reduction varies.
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This reduction has multifactorial causes, which include anatomical abnormalities in the upper airway, alterations in the neuromuscular response and impairment of receptors in the upper airway.
Upper airway functional and anatomical changes are likely to have genetic components, and, therefore, individuals exposed to certain environmental factors, such as allergies, have a greater chance of developing sleep-disordered breathing.
Em pacientes com SAOS acordados, esse efeito foi observado quando os membros inferiores foram elevados. Sleep-related breathing disorders in adults: A cause of excessive daytime sleepiness.
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