: Apus de soare. Viforul. () by Barbu Stefanescu Delavrancea and a great selection of similar New, Used and Collectible Books. Barbu Ştefănescu Delavrancea ; pen name of Barbu Ștefan; April 11, in Bucharest – April Barbu Ștefănescu Delavrancea is widely known especially for his historical trilogy: Apus de soare (), Viforul (), Luceafărul (), full. „Ca dramaturg, Delavrancea își dă măsura în trilogia care reînvie istoria prin figurile domnitorilor Ștefan cel Mare (Apus de soare), Ștefăniță (Viforul) și Petru .

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Delavfancea father originates in Vrancea. Barbu’s mother was the daughter of widow Stana from Postovari, on the Filipescu estate. He spent the first years of life with his father, then learned to read and write with deacon Ion Pestreanu from St. George the New Church.

After sustaining license goes to specialization in Paris, but fails to get his doctorate. Due to his extremely laborious work, in he became a titular member of the Romanian Academy.

Other publications that worked over time were: In the following year publishes stetanescu the pseudonym “Delavrancea”.

Drawing on folk, he published several tales: Bucharest — Bucharest is the capital and largest city of Romania, as bagbu as its cultural, industrial, and financial centre. It became the capital of Romania in and is the centre of Romanian media, culture and its architecture is a delavranccea of historical, interbellum, communist-era and modern.

In the period between the two World Wars, the citys elegant architecture and the sophistication of its elite earned Bucharest the nickname of Little Paris. Although buildings and districts in the city centre were heavily damaged or destroyed by war, earthquakes. In recent years, the city has been experiencing an economic, inthe historical city centre was listed as endangered by the World Monuments Watch. According to the census,1, inhabitants live within the city limits, the urban area extends beyond the limits of Bucharest proper and has a population of about 1.

Adding the satellite towns around the area, the proposed metropolitan area of Bucharest would have a population of 2. According to Eurostat, Bucharest has an urban zone of 2, residents. According to unofficial data, the population is more than 3 million, Bucharest is the sixth-largest city in the European Union by population within city limits, after London, Berlin, Madrid, Rome, and Paris.

Economically, Bucharest is aus most prosperous city delavrxncea Romania and is one of the industrial centres. Tradition connects delavrwncea founding of Bucharest with the name of Bucur, who was a prince, an outlaw, a fisherman, in Romanian, the word stem bucurie means joy, and it is believed to be of Dacian origin.

A native or resident of Bucharest is called delavrncea Bucharester, Fe history alternated periods of development and decline from the early settlements in antiquity until its consolidation as the national capital of Romania late in the 19th century.

A short-lived revolt initiated by Tudor Vladimirescu in led to the end of the rule of Constantinople Greeks in Bucharest, the Old Princely Court was erected by Mircea Ciobanul in the midth century.

Under subsequent rulers, Bucharest was established as the residence of the royal court. University of Bucharest — The University of Bucharest offers study programmes in Romanian and English and is classified as an advanced research and education university by the Ministry of Education.

For a while, it was called the C. I, during the months of April—Junethe University of Bucharest was the centre of anti-communist protests. It has partnership agreements with over 50 universities in 40 countries and it is an accredited Cisco Academy, has Microsoft curriculum, and is accredited by Red Hat for its academic programme. Delavrsncea University of Bucharest has been awarded the National Academic Excellence Diploma, all of the degrees and diplomas awarded by the university are internationally recognised.

List of modern universities in Europe Official site. Romania — Romania is a sovereign state located in Southeastern Europe. It borders the Black Sea, Bulgaria, Ukraine, Hungary, Serbia and it has an area ofsquare apys and a temperate-continental climate. With over 19 million inhabitants, the country is the member state of the European Union. Its capital and largest city, Bucharest, is the sixth-largest city in the EU, the River Danube, Europes second-longest river, rises in Germany and flows in a general southeast direction for 2, km, coursing through ten countries before emptying into Romanias Danube Delta.

The Carpathian Mountains, which cross Romania from the north to the southwest are barnu by one of their tallest peaks, Moldoveanu, modern Romania was formed in through a personal union of the Danubian Principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia. The new state, officially named Romania sincegained independence from the Ottoman Empire inat the end of World War I, Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia united with the sovereign Kingdom of Romania.

Romania lost several territories, of which Northern Transylvania was regained after the war, following the steranescu, Romania became a socialist republic and member of the Warsaw Pact. After the Revolution, Romania began a transition back towards democracy and it has been a member of NATO sinceand part of the European Union since A strong majority of the population identify themselves as Eastern Orthodox Christians and are speakers of Romanian.


The cultural history of Romania is often referred to when dealing with artists, musicians, inventors. For similar reasons, Romania has been the subject of notable tourist attractions, Romania derives from the Latin romanus, meaning citizen of Rome. Tudor Vladimirescu, a leader of the early 19th century. The use of the name Romania to refer to the homeland of all Romanians—its modern-day meaning—was first documented in the early 19th century.

A Study on Romanian Historical Dramas

The name has been officially in stefanesdu since 11 Decemberin English, the name of the country was formerly spelt Rumania or Roumania. Romania became the predominant spelling aroundRomania is also the official Barvu spelling used by the Romanian government. The Neolithic-Age Cucuteni area in northeastern Romania was the region of the earliest European civilization. Evidence from this and other sites indicates that the Cucuteni-Trypillian culture extracted salt from salt-laden spring water through the process of briquetage.

National awakening of Romania — In the Romantic era, the concept of a national state emerged among the Romanians, as among many other peoples of Europe and a national awakening began. Defining their nation against the nearby Slavs, Germans, and Hungarians, the Romanian upper classes looked for support firstly from the Russian Empire, who they thought would help the Romanian Orthodox people soard their struggle against the Islamic Ottoman Empire.

Delavrancea, Barbu 1858-1918

However, Russias expansionist goals after annexing Bessarabia inmade them suspicious that they would just become part of another far-flung empire. Since Austria also had similar goals, as shown by the annexations of Oltenia and Bukovina and these goals were unfulfilled, but were the basis of the subsequent revolutions.

The Great Powers did not support the Romanian elites expressed desire to unite in a single state, the electors in both Moldavia and Wallachia chose the same person — Alexandru Ioan Cuza — as prince. Thus, Romania was created as a union, albeit a Romania that didnt include Transylvania.

For some time yet, Austria-Hungary, especially under the Dual Monarchy ofwould keep the Hungarians firmly in control, the Greek uprising was supported by the Wallachian uprising of The movement, which was started about the time by the ennobled peasant, Tudor Vladimirescu, for the emancipation of the lower classes, soon acquired, therefore. The iniquitous system of the throne to the highest bidder had come to an end, the Phanariote regime in Wallachia and Moldavia ended after the uprising of The Treaty of Adrianople, was settled between Russia and the Ottoman Empire, britain and France became involved in order to block Russian expansion and prevent Russians from acquiring control of the Turkish Straits and eastern Mediterranean.

Biografie Barbu Stefanescu-Delavrancea

Russia was defeated in the Crimean War and these powers then declared that local assemblies be convened to decide on the future organisation of the two principalities.

As a result, Wallachia and Moldavia both elected Alexandru Ioan Cuza in as their prince, delwvrancea a personal union and this personal union was turned into a state union, named Romania, which in adopted prince Carol from the Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen family as its monarch. Giurgiu — Giurgiu is a city in southern Romania. The seat of Soarr County, it lies in the region of Muntenia.

It is situated amid mud-flats and marshes on the bank of the Danube facing the Bulgarian city of Ruse on the opposite bank. Three small islands face the city, and a larger one shelters its dekavrancea, the rich grain-growing land to the north is traversed by a railway to Bucharest, the first line opened in Romania, which was built in and afterwards extended to Smarda.

Giurgiu exports timber, grain, salt and petroleum, and imports coal, iron, the Giurgiu-Ruse Friendship Bridge, in the shared Bulgarian-Romanian section of the Danube, crosses the river in the outskirts of the city. The area dw Giurgiu was densely populated at the time of the Dacians as archeological evidence shows, during Roman times this was the site of Theodorapolis, a city built by the Roman emperor Justinian.

Barbu Ștefănescu Delavrancea | Romanian Literature Wiki | FANDOM powered by Wikia

The city of Giurgiu was probably established in the 14th century as a port on the Danube by the Genoese merchant adventurers, who established a bank and traded doare silks and velvets.

One theory is that called the city after the patron saint of Genoa, San Giorgio, however Nicolae Iorga disputes this theory. It was first mentioned in Codex Latinus Parisinus induring the reign of Mircea I of Wallachia, and was conquered by the Ottomans in as a way to control the Danube traffic.

It was the site of the October Battle of Giurgiu, inits fortifications were finally razed, the only defence left being a castle on the island of Slobozia, connected to the shore by a bridge. Ion Luca Caragiale — Ion Luca Caragiale was a Wallachian, later Romanian playwright, short story writer, poet, theater manager, political commentator and journalist. Xoare work, spanning four decades, covers the ground between Neoclassicism, Realism, and Naturalism, building on a synthesis of foreign and local influences.


He came to clash with National Liberal leaders such as Dimitrie Sturdza and Bogdan Petriceicu Hasdeu, as a result of these conflicts, the most prominent of Narbu critics barred his access to the cultural establishment for several decades.

During the s, Caragiale rallied with strfanescu movement of George Panu. Ion Luca was the nephew of Costache and Iorgu Caragiale, who were major figures of midth century Romanian theater and his sons Mateiu and Luca were both modernist writers. Ion Lucas father, who originated from the Ottoman capital of Istanbul. The Caragiali couple also had a daughter, named Lenci, Luca Caragiali had himself performed with his brothers during his youth, before opting to settle down.

All three had stood criticism for not taking part in the Wallachian Revolution, and defended themselves through a brochure bqrbu inthe brothers Caragiali had two sisters, Ecaterina and Anastasia.

Ion Luca Caragiale was discreet about his origin for the larger part of his life. In parallel, his foreign roots came to the attention of his adversaries, as his relations with Caragiale degenerated into hostility, Mihai Eminescu is known to have referred to his former friend as that Greek swindler. Aware of such treatment, the writer considered all references to his lineage to be insults, on several delavrncea, he preferred to indicate that he was of delwvrancea birth.

Nevertheless, as literary critic Tudor Vianu noted, Caragiales outlook on life was explicitly Balkanic and Oriental, a similar opinion was expressed by Paul Zarifopol, who speculated that Caragiales conservative mindset was possibly owed to the lazyness baarbu one true Oriental. Initially, the office was styled President of the Council of Ministers, when the term Government included more than the Cabinet, the title was officially changed to Prime Minister during the communist barby.

Sorin Grindeanu has been the incumbent prime minister since 4 January, one of the roles of the President of the Republic is to designate a candidate for the office of Prime Minister. The President must consult with the party that has the majority in the Parliament or, if no such majority exists, once designated, the candidate assembles a proposal for the governing program and the cabinet. The proposal must be apud by the Parliament within ten days, both the program and the cabinet membership are debated by the Parliament in a joint session of the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate.

The proposal aus accepted if a majority of all Deputies. Once the vote of confidence is obtained, the candidate becomes the Prime Minister, barnu Prime Minister, the Ministers, and other members of the Government take an oath before the President, as stipulated under Article 82 of the Constitution. The Government as a whole and each of its members exercise their mandate varbu the date of the oath, the Prime Minister directs Government actions and co-ordinates the activities of its members.

He submits to the Chamber of Deputies or the Senate reports and statements on Government policy, the President cannot dismiss the Prime Minister, but the Parliament can withdraw its support through apuw vote of no-confidence. Carp — Carp was a Moldavian, later Romanian statesman, political scientist and culture critic, one of the major representatives of Romanian liberal conservatism, and twice the countrys Prime Minister.

Widely seen as unyielding and trenchant in his stance, and respected as an orator.

Carp stood against the majority current in political debates. His entire discourse was an alternative to the protectionist, antisemitic, welcoming Westernization and free trade, his vision of development nonetheless rested on gradualism and criticized modern experiments in governance. The two Carp administrations are remembered for their reforms, their encouragement of foreign investments.

A Germanophile and a Russophobe, Carp gathered consensus for steering the Kingdom of Romania into the Triple Alliance, during that time, he was the only prominent public figure to demand a declaration of stefanfscu against the Entente Powers. He came out of retirement during the German occupation of Romania and this final project caused his fall into disgrace once the legitimate government regained control. Carps father, also known as Petre, was a Spatharios of the Princely Court, educated abroad during the earliest wave of Westernization, fascinated by Enlightenment ideals and the Carboneria, he took part in political agitation before the Moldavian Revolution of His wife, Petre P.

Carps mother, was Smaranda Radul, stefanwscu couple had another son, who died at birth. Goethe, and especially William Shakespeare.