cattle-breeding and trade), and Danda-Niti (science of government) are what are called the four sciences. The school of Manu (Manava) hold that there are only. अर्थशास्त्र, हिंदी, संस्कृत, नीति, ramavatar vidyabhashkar, chanakya, kautilya, chandragupta maurya, india, bharat, arth shastra, hindi, neeti, . Read Kautilya’s Arthashastra book reviews & author details and more at Amazon. in. Kautilya’s Arthashastra Paperback – 28 Dec by . Chanakya Neeti.
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Also known as Kautilya or Vishnugupta, he was a professor niiti political science at the Takshasila University and the Prime Minister of Chandragupta Maurya. His foresight and knowledge coupled with politics of expediency helped found the mighty Mauryan Empire in India which was one of the first empires that ruled across the Indian subcontinent.
Arthashastra – Wikipedia
Chanakya is perhaps lesser known in world history compared to later political philosophers like Sun-Tzu and Machiavelli, but is definitely considered as the first genuine political theorist in Indian history. He lived in between BC — Nuti and is regarded as one of the earliest known political thinkers, economists and king-makers.
Chanakya has been accepted and revered as one of the legendary characters that shaped time through his vision and exemplary actions. Celebrated as a shrewd statesman and a ruthless administrator, he comes across as the greatest of diplomats of the world. Although, he lived around the third century BC, his ideas and principles show concurrence and validity in the present day world.
His book is still taken as reference on various political situations. He then vowed to take revenge against the Nanda dynasty and bring down the Magadha empire. He was responsible not only for helping Chandragupta Maurya usurp the thronebut also for uniting the Indian states for fighting against the attack by Alexander the Great around BC.
Folklore has it that on his way out of the city after his removal, Chanakya was hurt by a thorny bush. He then bought a pot of milk and poured on the bush so that ants could come and destroy the bush. It is said that at this moment he was observed by a young Chandragupta Maurya, the future Emperor and creator of the Mauryan empire.
Chanakya took a promising young boy often from the streets and brought him up to become one of the greatest emperors of India.
Chanakya was the kingmaker who actually planned the unification of India for the first time under Chandragupta. The folklore in India differs in some aspects from the established mainstream history. It is said that Chanakya made Chandragupta join Alexander and become one of his Lieutenants. This trust was fostered by various means, including murders and misinformation.
It is said that Alexander was well prepared for a war but could not instill confidence in his army. At the most opportune moment Chankaya made Chandragupta revolt. Chandragupta snapped logistics and communication links that were exposed systematically throughout to bribes and promises to ambitious warlords.
Ensuing confusions were engineered by misinformation. Alexander was thus forced to try to retreat. However, he was advised to retreat by an unfamiliar and dangerous route. Confused and shaken, for some reason Alexander followed the suggestion and ventured through arid desert-like terrain, where most of his army reeled under heat, thirst, hunger, and disease.
The returning army, already weakened by the climate, was attacked and brutally plundered. With Alexander out, the images of Chandragupta and Chanakya were those of superheroes and helped make small kings submit easily.
With each victory, their power increased, and soon the supposedly impossible was accomplished. The aim of this was to prevent the Emperor from being poisoned by enemies. One day the queen, Durdha, shared the food with the Emperor while she was pregnant. Since she was not used to eating poisoned food, she died.
Chanakya decided that the baby should not die; hence he cut open the belly of the queen and took out the baby. Two books are attributed to Artthashastra the Arthashastra and the Neetishastra which is also known as Chanakya Niti. The Arthashastra discusses monetary and fiscal policies, welfare, international relations, and war strategies in detail.
Chanakya also developed Neeti-Sutras aphorisms — pithy sentences that tell people how they should behave. Apparently, Chanakya used these sutras to groom Chandragupta and other selected disciples in the art of ruling a kingdom.
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Arthashastra and Chanakya Niti
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