Paraja has 93 ratings and 4 reviews. Anuradha said: Paraja by Gopinath Mohanty is originally an Oriya novel, translated by Bikram K. Das, based in the tr.. . GOPINATH MOHANTY’S PARAJA: A STUDY IN 4TH WORLD PERSPECTIVE Bikram Keshari Mohanty Department of English Swarnachud College,Mitrapur. PDF | This article suggests that the concept of the moral economy of the peasant, as defined by James C. Scott, in the context of Southeast Asia, provides a.

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Preview — Paraja by Gopinath Mohanty. Paraja by Gopinath Mohanty. Written originally in Oriya in and translated here for the first time, Paraja is a classic of modern Indian fiction.

Gopinath Mohanty – Wikipedia

It tells on an epic scale the story of a tribal patriarch and his family in the mountainous jungles of Orissa. The slow decline in the fortunes of this family- from the quiet prosperity of a subsistence livelihood towards bondage to the local moneylende Written originally in Oriya in and translated here for the first time, Paraja is a classic of modern Indian fiction.

The slow decline in the fortunes of monanty family- from the quiet prosperity of a subsistence livelihood towards bondage to the local moneylender- is both poignantly individualized as well as symbolic of the erosion of a whole way of life within peasant communities.

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Gopinath Mohanty

Lists with This Book. Jun 30, Anuradha Gupta rated it really liked it. Das, based in the tribal lands of Orissa. The story follows the trials and tribulations of the family of Sukru Jani, sons Mandia and Tikra and daughters Jili and Bili, of the Paraja tribe. As the family parajx to retain their family land, to which Sukru is deeply attached, the novel traces the path on which they embark, eventually adding more miseries in their kitty.

Sukru Jani is sitting in his simple hut, making plans for the bright future of his children, how he must marry off his girls to good suitors and how to find suitable brides for his sons, building them separate huts of their own to start their new life.

Unknown to him, Mandia and Jili have already besotted their hearts out. While both his children enjoy their blooming love, Sukru is finding ways to increase his land holdings, so paarja he can give a part of it to Mandia for his future.


After due permission from the forest guard, he began to clear out a fertile piece of land from kohanty nearby hill along with Mandia in hopes of cultivating it before he gets married.

But as fate would have had it, the guard’s vulturine eyes for Jili enrages Sukru and he lashes out at him. The guard avenges his insult with mohantg calculative plan, he comes back with more officials and incriminates Sukru of violating the forest laws and slapping a fine on him.

With not mphanty single penny at home, Sukru has no other option but to submit himself and Tikra to the sahukar as gotis, bonded labor, leaving the household in the hands of Mandia. With their father gone and the future gloomy, Mandia and Jili loose their betrothed to other people. Mandia tries his hands at brewing illegal alcohol in the forest, only to be caught and slapped a hefty sum of fine. On finding no way out to pay the fine, Mandia enslaves himself with the sahukar as well.

With this sudden turn of events, Jili and Bili are now left alone to fend gopinaty themselves.

The grain storage runs out soon. It is not long before that a road contractor comes to the village to hire men and women for the work.

Foreseeing the uncertainty of the return of the male members, Jili gopinatn Bili sign up for the work and leave for the camp on the highway.

True, they earn money, but along comes the exploitation at the hands of the men at the camp. Before any further harm was done, Sukru meanwhile mortgages his pride, his only piece of highly fertile land to the sahukar and frees himself.

Soon enough, the sahukar shows his true colors, deceit and lies entangle Sukru in a web when the sahukar refuses to give him his land back.

Angered, he files a court case only to be defeated at the hands of the notorious and influential sahukar. While Sukru was busy fighting the sahukar, Jili submits herself to the sahukar and becomes his mistress. He becomes depressed, at his life, at the bondage of his sons and at the moganty of his daughter Jili at the hands of the evil sahukar.

Unable to take it anymore, Sukru and his sons, in a fit of rage pounce upon the sahukar and slay him with repeated blows.

Of inhuman bondage – Society & The Arts News – Issue Date: Jun 15,

The novel follows the slow decline of this tribal family, from the quite prosperity of the subsistence livelihood gopinatn bondage to the local sahukar. The helplessness of a poor tribesman and his family, the exploitation at the hands of the sahukar and the ultimate tragedy of murder, are all heart wrenching.


The novel gives the readers an insight into the lives of the Paraja tribes-people, their marriage customs, their notions about a women stepping out to earn, their animosity amongst themselves and the save-your-own-neck attitude. It is deplorable to see such turn of events, from gopinahh first line of the novel to the last.

Book Review: Gopinath Mohanty’s ‘Paraja’

This novel is not just a sociological and demographical documentation of a family caught unaware of their fate, but an echo of the tribes goppinath marginalized sections of the world Mohaty 15, P rated it it was amazing Shelves: Devastating and entirely plausible, given the history of indigenous communities in South Asia. Aug 08, Srinidhi. This review has been hidden because it contains spoilers. To view it, click here. Sep 09, Abhinav rated it it was amazing.

Interesting play of characters, some times you just amazed how different the priorities of a tribal are. Urbi Chatterjee rated it really liked it Dec 07, Priyanka Pradahan rated it it was amazing Mar 22, Parajx rated it really liked it May 09, Riina rated it it was amazing May 04, Grace rated it liked it Dec 09, Naphisha rated it really liked it Mar 13, Aloka Munasinghe rated it liked it Dec 31, Bipin rated it it was amazing Feb 18, Ankita Roy rated it liked it Feb 25, Abhishek Anand rated it really liked it Dec 10, Archana rated it it was amazing Jun 03, Thilaka rated it did not like it Jun 03, Manish rated apraja it was ok May 28, Saumya Premchander rated it it was amazing Feb 01, Shrabanee Khatai rated it liked it May 22, Durga Patva omhanty it really liked it Jan 12, Lisa LeFever rated it really liked it Mar 01, Bhimasena Bhol rated it really liked it Mar 05, Anasua Saha rated it liked it Aug 11, Shreemoyee rated it really liked it Aug 02, Abhaga rated it liked it Feb 16, Nilusha Abeysekara rated it liked it Oct 22, Mahesha Goonesekere rated it it was ok Feb 11, Sanjeewa rated it it was amazing Nov 05, There are no discussion topics on this book yet.

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