Hans Loewald’s contributions to the field of psychoanalysis are many. Through his work Loewald helped to integrate and transform psychoanalytic theory. Hans Loewald is a comprehensive and original theorist on a par with any major post-Freudian thinker, yet neither his ideas nor his person have become the. Int J Psychoanal. Feb;85(Pt 1) Hans Loewald: a radical conservative. Whitebook J(1). Author information: (1)[email protected] Comment in Int.

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Hans Loewald — was a German-American psychoanalyst and theorist.

While apparently a traditional Freudian, Loewald in his thinking is both elegant and quietly revisionist [1] – a lpewald conservatist. Loewald was born in Colmarthen Germany.

Hans Loewald: a radical conservative.

His father, who died shortly after his birth, was a Jewish physician with an interest in dermatology and psychiatry; his mother a gifted musician, who played the piano. Loewald did medical training in Germany – where he also studied philosophy with Martin Heideggerwho would influence him with his theory of language [2] – before taking a medical degree from Rome University in Loewald approached language from a perspective that is unique among analytic theorists.


Unlike SullivanDaniel Sternand Freud, whose understanding of language included a sharp distinction between loewale and preverbal expressions, Loewald states that verbal and preverbal expressions are a form of sensory experience. He distinguishes between the primary process in which the child experiences only sounds fantasyand the secondary process, in which the child gives meaning to these sounds reality.

Hans Loewald – Wikipedia

Psychopathology is caused by a split between these processes, between fantasy and reality. Mental health entails an open communication and interpenetration between the primary and the secondary process.

Loewald described the experience of the transference as comparable to “an illness, insofar as it is a regressive hana unsettling experience, not dissimilar to Drawing on the work of Melanie Klein to integrate pre-oedipal and oedipal phases, Loewald saw internalisationwhen successful, as leading to complete detachment from the original object. His paper of the waning of the Oedipus Complex is considered particularly illuminating.

Freud saw guilt as something that should be evaded, Loewald regarded it as something that had to be worked through to complete loeawld individuation process – the passing of the baton from one generation to the next. Loewald, contrary to Freud, saw the parents as complementary with both advantages and disadvantages of their own.


The father han autonomy to the child and thus protects the child from engulfment by the mother, which could lead to ego loss.

The task of ego development is to integrate both parts. Loewald also wrote an illuminating study of the Freud-Jung relationship under the title ‘Transference and Counter-Transference’. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This section does not cite any sources.

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Hans Loewald

Eros Jonathan Lear Kiekegaard. Gay, Freud p. The Impossible Profession p. Gay, Reading Freud p. Retrieved from ” https: Views Read Edit View history. This page was last edited on 1 Octoberat By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.