Hemidesmus indicus, Indian sarsaparilla is a species of plant that is found in South Asia. 1 Morphology; 2 Traditional uses; 3 Chemical constituents; 4 References Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants Naruneendi Nannari; ^ Kottakkal, [ edited by]. Hemidesmus indicus Medicinal Rating, *. Habit, Climber. Height, m. Cultivation Status, Cultivated, Wild. Cultivation Details. Not known. Edible Uses. Sariva is known as Indian Sarsaparilla – Hemidesmus indicus. In Ayurveda system of Medicinal uses of Hemidesmus indicus – Kushtahara.

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Hemidesmus indicusIndian sarsaparilla Tamil: It is a slender, laticiferoustwining, sometimes prostrate or semi-erect shrub. Roots are woody and aromatic. Medcinal stem is numerous, slender, terete, thickened at the nodes. The leaves are opposite, short-petioled, very variable, elliptic-oblong to linear-lanceolate.

Hemidesmus indicus – Wikipedia

The flowers are greenish outside, purplish inside, crowded in sub-sessile axillary cymes. It occurs over the greater part of India, from the hemmidesmus Gangetic plain eastwards to Assam and in some places in central, western and South India. The root is a substitute for sarsaparilla the dried root of the tropical species of SmilaxSmilacaceae ; in India Smilax aspera L.


It should be distinguished from American Sarsaparilla Smilax aristolochiifolia Mill. The stem and branches of H. Roots are woody, slender and aromatic.

Hemidesmus indicus — Vikaspedia

Roots smell similar to camphor, hence the plant is also known as Kapoori. Leaves are simple, petioled, exstipulate, apiculate acute or obtuse, dark green above but paler and sometimes pubescent below. Leaves of the basal parts of the shoots are linear medicknal lanceolate.

Flowers may be greenish yellow to greenish purple outside, dull yellow to light purplish inside with calyx deeply five lobed.

Hemidesmus indicus

Corolla are fused and twice the number of calyx. Pistil is bicarpellary, with free ovaries, many ovuled with distinct styles.

Fruits are two straight slender narrowly cylindrical widely divergent follicles. Seeds are many, flat, oblong, with a long tuft of white silky hairs.

Hemidesmus indicus: A Rich Source of Herbal Medicine

The plant shows opposite decussate phyllotaxy, gamopetalous aestivation and cymose inflorescence. Hemidesmus indicus is used to make beverages and also used in traditional medicine. In southern states of India particularly Tamil Nadusarsaparilla roots are called Maahali or Mahani Kizhangu and in its pickled form is also served along with rice dishes. It is also called the false sarsaparilla. It is administered in the form of powder, infusion or decoction as syrup.


It is one of the Rasayana plants of Ayurveda. The alcoholic extract of Hemidesmus indicusR. The roots of H. It also contains new coumarino-lignoid-hemidesminine, hemidesmin I and hemidesmin II50, six pentacyclic triterpenes including two oleanenesand three ursenes. The leaves contain tanninsflavonoidshyperosiderutin and coumarino. Leucoderma lignoids such as hemidesmininehemidesmin I and hemidesmin II are rare group of naturally occurring compounds present in leaves.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Indian sarsaparilla Scientific classification Kingdom: Journal of Plant Sciences. Retrieved 26 May Antinociceptive activity of alcoholic extract ofHemidesmus indicusR.

Retrieved 14 March Konark Herbal and Healthcare. Retrieved from ” https: Views Read Edit View history.

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