Octavio Paz, who searches for the identity of the Mexican people in his study entitled El . In section IV, “Los Hijos de la Malinche,” Paz explains how the word . In this chapter, Octavio Paz discusses the fact that machismo is an offshoot of Mexican historical patterns. He relates . The symbol of this violation is doña Malinche, the mistress of Cortés. When we shout “¡Viva México, hijos de la chingada!. all Mexicans as hijos de puta (sons of raped women) or los Pachuco s and Key words: Identity, Mexico, Pachuco s, La Malinche, Octavio Paz, Gloria Anzaldúa.

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In all civilizations, God the Father becomes an ambivalent figure once he has dethroned the feminine deities. We attract and repel.


No quiere decir nada. The verb denotes violence, an emergence from oneself to penetrate another by force. Mexico is all alone, like each one of her sons. Y en un mundo de chingones, de relaciones duras, presididas por la violencia y el recelo, en el que nadie se abre ni se raja y todos quieren chingar, las ideas y el trabajo cuentan poco.

And they are not merely the result of other events, but rather of a single will that is capable, within certain limits, of ruling their outcome.

Or does she think? To escape from himself the servant must leap walls, get drunk, forget his condition. He comes from far away: After some editions included the essay “Post data”, which discusses the massacre of hundreds of Mexican students in Terrorism obeys the same rules.


The idea of breaking, of ripping open, appears in a great many of these expressions. Above ocavio, she is the Mother. The Indian goddesses were goddesses of fecundity, linked to the cosmic rhythms, the vegetative processes and agrarian rites. In our daily language there is a group of words that are prohibited, secret, without clear meanings.

Death is celebrated but at the same time repelled because of the uncertainty behind it. Capitalism deprives him of his human nature this does not happen to the servant by reducing him to an element in the work process, i.

Mystery is an occult force or efficacy that does not obey us, and we never know how or when it will manifest itself. Paz observes that solitude is responsible for the Mexican’s perspective on death, fiestaand identity. In the struggle which our will-to-be carries on against them, they are supported by a secret and powerful ally, our fear of being.

Vale la pena detenerse en e1 significado de esta voz. What is necessary is to isolate certain traits and emotions that cast a particular malincne on the universal condition of man. The humor of the macho is an act of malinhce. She embodies the open, the chingadoto our closed, stoic, impassive Indians. In Guatemala and El Salvador chingaste means the residue or dregs that remain in a glass. The Mexican and his Mexicanism must be defined as separation and negation. The Mexican condemns all his traditions at once, the whole set of gestures, attitudes and tendencies in which it is now difficult to distinguish the Spanish from the Indian.

O inventa la figura de Mellors, un guardabosque, un hijo de la sierra. Others reflect our current problems, but in an indirect manner, concealing or distorting their true nature. In every country he represents the most ancient and secret element of society. Nuestro recelo provoca el ajeno. Nor does he want to be descended from them. Es sabido que detestaba a los obreros tanto como a los burgueses. O a la inversa. At the outset, a part of society regards the extermination of other groups with indifference, or even contributes to their persecution, because it is corrupted by internal hatreds.


And when it does allude to the sexual act, violation or deception gives it a particular shading.


In some parts of South America chingar means to molest, to censure, to ridicule. All of our anxious tensions express themselves in a phrase we use when anger, joy or enthusiasm cause us to exalt our condition as Mexicans: We know that the Conquest coincided with the apogee of the cult of two masculine divinities: Even his relationship with a woman ve the archetype of the young hero, at one and the same time the lover and the son of the goddess.

He becomes the son of Nothingness. What does she think?

The exception is that the heroic cycle does not end with his death: Her passivity is abject: