Originially from the tropics of South America, this evergreen,flowering shrub has spread to Asia, Africa and north America. It has been reported to have medicinal . Bush Morning Glory is a shrub which grows to m high. Originally from tropical America, it is widely naturalized. The hindi/marathi names besharam/behaya. J Complement Integr Med. Jun;11(2) doi: /jcim A review on Ipomoea carnea: pharmacology, toxicology and phytochemistry.
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The species has escaped from cultivation to become natu The species has escaped from cultivation to become naturalized and invasive mostly in disturbed sites, riparian areas and wetlands, and it behaves as a weed in cultivated fields, such as rice plantations.
It is a strong competitor for resources e. Ipomoea is a large and complex genus of vines and shrubs within the Convolvulaceae Stevens, The family comprises approximately species grouped in genera and is nearly cosmopolitan in distribution, although its members are primarily tropical plants Stefanovic et al.
The genus Ipomoea iponea more than species distributed worldwide, with approximately species occurring in ipomew and warm temperate regions of the Americas Miller et al.
Ipomoea carnea — Wikipédia
ipimea The taxonomy of many Ipomoea species, including Ipomoea carnea subsp. There are nomenclatural problems with what has been called I. These three names have been used extensively in the literature as distinct taxa, but also as synonyms and subspecies of I. Verdcourt noted a close relationship between I. On the other hand, the name I. Authors have noted that the taxonomic confusion may be due to the morphological plasticity observed when these plants grow in wet and dry habitats and to their extensive ippmea as ornamentals Verdcourt, ; Austin, ; Frey, ; Shaltout et al.
Shrubs, m; axial parts puberulent, later glabrescent; sap milky. Branches terete or angular, stout, becoming sparsely lenticellate with age.
Inflorescences few ipkmea several flowered; peduncle stout, cm; bracts early deciduous, ovate.
Sepals ovate or nearly circular, broadly rounded, abaxially puberulent, equal or inner ones longer, mm. Ipommea lilac or pink, darker inside, funnel-form, cm; tube and midpetaline bands mealy outside. Stamens included; filaments unequal; anthers linear, base sagittate.
Pistil included; ovary puberulent. Style base puberulent; stigma 2-lobed. Capsule pale brown, ovoid, 1. Seeds black, 1 cm, brown sericeous-pubescent. The cwrnea in this summary table is based on all the information available.
When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.
Init was collected in Saudi Arabia, where it grows as a hedge plant around cultivated fields in the Jazan region Al-Sodany, cwrnea It was probably introduced by the Indian or Egyptian farmers working at these farms.
The risk of introduction of I. Seeds can be easily obtained online on horticulture websites e. It grows as a weed in disturbed sites, forest margins, open woodlands, grasslands, gardens and fences, and it also grows along waterways, in riparian areas, irrigation channels, swamps and wetlands.
The chromosome number reported for I. Stem fragments can set root within a few days, while decumbent branches root in the soil and grow upwards, becoming new ramets Al-Sodany, Individual plants can thus easily expand, covering dozens of square metres. During winter, the dry fruit-wall splits and the hairy endospermic seeds are dispersed, although they do not germinate immediately due to their hard seed coat, which is impervious to water Eid, The species can also grow in waterlogged sites, such as swamps and wetlands, up to 2 m deep in the water Henderson, In Bolivia, Lepidoptera larvae and Coleoptera parasitize the leaves, stems and seeds of this plant.
Also, the Ipomoea -specific oomycete plant pathogen Albugo ipomoeae-pandurataewhite rust, attacks the apical leaves and stems of I. Seeds are covered by a dense cottony, furry indumentum, consisting of slightly glossy and thick hairs that facilitate wind and water dispersal Al-Sodany, During floods and other natural disasters, plants are swept off river beds and embankments and can become established in habitats downstream.
This invasive species has been reported displacing native vegetation in Nepal, Egypt, South Africa, Swaziland, Cuba, and on many islands in the Pacific region Tiwari et al.
It has become a serious weed in Swaziland and South Africa, where it is also regarded as a serious threat to wetland habitats Henderson, ; Swaziland National Trust Commission, In India, it is also invading riparian areas and irrigation channels India Biodiversity Portal, In Egypt, it invades canal and drain banks, roadsides and field edges in the Nile Delta Shaltout et al.
In India, the plant is grown as a source of green manure. It also shows potential for biogas production due to the high cellulose and volatile solid content of its dried stem material.
The leaves are slightly purgative and eaten as a vegetable, although they are considered toxic to livestock. Although manual control of I.
Any stems and seeds remaining in the soil can easily and rapidly re-infest cleared areas. Nevertheless, a study has shown that in Brazil, where the species grows as a weed, I. The herbicide 2, 4-D 2, 4-dichlorophenoxy acetic acid is known to be effective against Ipomoea species, including I. The role of the beetle Megacerus flabelliger as a potential biological control agent for I.
Catalogue of the seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, A new record to the Flora of Saudi Arabia: World Journal of Research and Review, 3 4: Atlas of Living Australia, Atlas of Living Australia. Taxon, 26 1 Plants of the Eastern Caribbean.
University of the West Indies. Invasive alien plants of Indian Himalayan Region – diversity and implication. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 3 2 Charles Darwin Foundation, Database inventory of introduced plant species in the rural and urban zones of Galapagos.
Journal of Aquatic Plant Management, 32, A checklist of the total vascular plant flora of Singapore: Population ecology of Ipomoea carnea Jacq.
List of Invasive Plant Species. Florida Exotic Plant Pest Council. Flora of China Editorial Committee, Flora of Zimbabwe, Botanical database of the Nadeaud Herbarium of French Polynesia.
Tropical Ecology, 36 1 Morning-glory bush Ipomoea carnea subsp. Checklist of the vascular plants of Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia, with local names and uses.
Ipimea Biodiversity Portal, Online Portal of India Biodiversity. Fragmenta Floristica et Geobotanica, 37 1 Systematic Botany, 24 2 Conditioned food aversion to control poisoning by Ipomoea carnea subsp. National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba – Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. Plant Resources of South-East Asia.
A review on Ipomoea carnea: pharmacology, toxicology and phytochemistry.
Plant Resources of Csrnea Africa. The biology of Egyptian woody perennials: Assiut University Bulletin for Environmental Researches, 9: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Rio de Janeiro Botanic Garden. Dicotyledones, familiesMoncotyledones, Family 32, addenda et corrigenda, index. Dicotyledones, familiesMoncotyledones, Family 32, addenda et corrigenda, index: Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden. Report to the Republic of Palau: Systematic Botany, 28 4: Swaziland National Trust Commission, Swaziland National Trust Commission.
An inventory and assessment of invasive alien plant species of Nepal. IUCN Nepal, pp.
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. National Plant Data Center.