8 E. Bakonis, Ar „taikūs“ lietuviški istorijos vadovėliai? Taikos klausimai . Vadovėlis 9 klasei, Vilnius: Kronta, ; (The history of modern times. From the great. ISTORIJA. 1 9 9 9. X L. Tautos budimas ir blaivybės sąjūdis tiems valstiečiams: kyklai, A. Jakučionis rašė, kad istorijos vadovėlis pra- keturias klases. lietuvos istorija pagrindinei mokyklai su regioninės istorijos elementais . 9. Soros. Trinamosios girnos. Akmeniniai kapliai ir seniausieji arklai. Moliniai indai .

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Fifteen years ago discussions started about the necessity of including questions at the beginning of every section, which would show students what they should focus on. Historical sources have information about minor events in rural areas rather than the largest cities only, and it is more pertinent to the students living in the countryside.

Before the series appeared, separate textbooks were used to present the history of Lithuania and the world. The results of this study support the findings of earlier researchers according to which the number of historical sources used in modern history textbooks has increased in recent years.

There are several ways to do this. In this new paradigm knowledge is actively constructed, discovered, transformed, and extended by students8.

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Consequently, different publishers and author groups competed to create new textbooks which would stand out from the old ones. Currently, there is a large variety of new history textbooks available in Lithuania. These textbooks include as many as fifteen to twenty different primary and secondary sources together with assignments and questions.

Using this technique, students find out that a large number of place names in some cases they refer to the places where the students themselves live originated because of iron used in bygone ages Help Center Find new research papers in: Textbook for the Seventh Grade the section The Achievements of Mesopotamia includes a short introduction to discussion questions such as: Lithuania and the World for the eleventh15 and twelfth16 grade.

Babylon, Persia3 describing and characterising historical characters e. The topic The Daily Lives is the final section of every chapter.


The second source is the painting by a 19th century artist depicting the Siege of Vienna at the Battle of Kahlenberg in Daily life is portrayed in several ways. Teachers follow up by explaining the main ideas, objectives, and themes only after students share their knowledge. The practice of linking Lithuanian, world, and local history has proven to be quite successful. From Seventh to Twelfth Grades appeared Starting from major changes took place in history textbook content from the perspective of didactics: Skip to main content.

Therefore, vxdovelis can compare the history of their home locality with those of their classmates who might be from a different area.

First of all, a large number of assignments and questions were unclear, and of no benefit for educational purposes. A summary of the textbooks analysed klaei the study is provided in Table 1 by their publishing house and the grade they are intended for. After Lithuania regained its independence from the Soviet Union, the content and curriculum of Lithuanian textbooks was updated leading to the publication of better textbooks.

Therefore, history textbooks would reflect the istorijoz of invaders and occupiers. The tradition of separating the history of Lithuania from the rest of the world was popular in the independent Lithuania of —, as well as in Soviet Lithuania during the period — In the upper grades students receive instructions on how to analyse various textual and visual sources.

Authors were also advised to reduce redundancies in textbooks5. In ninth-grade textbooks the following Methods can be found: During the period — the eastern part of Lithuania with its capital Vilnius was a part of Poland. The background of the page including the sources was different, resembling a parchment. Therefore, when isrorijos the history of Europe and other continents, some history textbooks relate it with koasei situation in Lithuania or Lithuanian people and the nation.

The Case of Innovations. In the textbook kladei the Middle Ages for the eighth grade there is a topic on the baroque and classical architecture of the 16th—18th century.

Nemokami pratybų atsakymai,vadovėlių atsakymai – – Naujienos

Results The analysis of Lithuanian history textbooks was followed by the identification of the most frequently used innovations. They are as follows: Authors only explained in great detail the information established in the teaching curriculum.


As a motivational tool, authors can simply ask students what they know about the topic. Since Lithuania gained its independenceapproximately history textbooks have been published, but this study focuses on some of them only, which means that some other innovations could exist as well; however, they were not identified and analysed by the researcher.

Remember me on this computer. Students were not used to reading from monitors. Researchers suggested more appealing and simpler texts, including differing interpretations and greater selectivity in the choice 99 history sources for textbooks.

All of this is appealing to students and enhance student motivation for learning. Lithuanians participated in European ilasei global events. VPU leidykla,p. Methodology This is a qualitative study where secondary school history textbooks served as the source and focus of the study.

Textbooks and study exercises

In addition, to portray the linkage between world history and the history of Lithuania, the facts about the visits of famous people to Lithuania and their thoughts about Lithuania are used.

Istorija ir sovietinis propagandinis balastas. Some authors suggest students test themselves by 1 defining new terms e. Innovation in history textbooks means the application of new concepts and methods instead of traditional methods used in older history textbooks.

Only the most prominent innovations, which affected the history teaching and learning process, were presented. Contemporary History Textbooks in Lithuania: The innovation was various assignments relating to every source thanks to which teachers were able to use these assignments and save time instead of creating their own. It encourages students to find out how history influenced the life of their locality.