Every carnatic concert has one or many music pieces that showcases the singer’s prowess and intellect in the form of Manodharma sangeetham. It serves as an. Bodhakam A Lec – Dem Manodharma Sangeetham Lalgudi man The most constant thing in tradition is change, states the violin maestro Lalgudi. : Manodharma Sangeetham Kalpana Swaram Part 1 Basic Lessons anyam: Prof. anyam, Venkatachalam, Smt.

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Manodharma sangeetham aka kalpana sangeetham is any form of sangeetham which is not composed beforehand. The latter is called Kalpitha sangeetham. The performer creates music at stage with imagination and creativity.

The main crux of Karnatic music is manodharma sangeetham. Even though we say the main forms are Ragam, Thanam, Pallavi, Manodhara and Kalpana Swaram, we can say other minor forms like singing a virutham, doing graha bedham etc are also from the mind and can be weaved at the stage. We can see each one in detail. After they establish akshipthika, they go onto second stage of ragavardhini where the alapana covers the madhya sthayi and slowly goes to Tarasthyai phrases.

Each ragam has a tarasthayi note upto which the raga sancharam can take place.

This stage is further is divided into 3 sub stages like vidhari, vardhini and mukthayi. I wont explain since it makes the answer lengthy. The last stage is Magirini in which brigas of the raga are exposed and finally the mandra sthayi phrases are sung and finally the alapana is concluded. Same as thara sthayi, there is a note in mandra sthayi below which each raga cannot venture.

Since it has a laya, the number of notes in the avarthanam is increased and slowly decreased. The briga beauty of a ragam is brought out in this.

Manodharma Sangeetham – Raga Alapana

Thanam are especially good to hear in a veena and other musical instruments. Some ragams are so apt for thanam singing. A pallavi is a acronym for the terms Pa damLa yam, Vi nyasam meaning it should have padam wordsa layam a thala pattern and Vinayasam exposition.

Choosing a apt sahithya which fits the raga and thalam is a clever decision. From a sahityam perspective the formation of words is called a yathi and three yathi exist for a vocalist 6 for a mridangist. Sama yathi – where words are almost in same length.

Gopuccha Yathi – meaning a cow’s tailthe words taper in length eg in Sree Varalakshmi krithi of deekshitar in sri ragam, Gopuccha yathi can be seen Sri sarasapade, rasapade, sapade, pade pade, the first aksharam is cut along. Srothovaka Yathi – meaning a river, it widens as it flows, adding words as it goes on.


Ranga, Saranga, Brindvana Saranga. Neraval – once a pallavi is chosen, Neraval is the exposition of the sahityam in accordance to layam. The passage is split halfway once half avarthanam is reached. That portion is called a pada garbam and the last padam in the first half is called a arudi. Thisram or exploring three speeds in laya are performed.

Madhyamakala, Vilambakala and Duritha kala. An anulomam or a prathilomam is also performed. Some Neraval are sung in different ragams apart from the main ragam. Its upto the performer to choose the ragams. Some choose it creatively with similar raga names like eg Ranjani, Janaranjani, Megharanjani, Manoranjani etc After the last ragam is sung, all are sung in vilomam coming back to the first ragam.

Swara kalpana – Mastery over notes in the raga is shown here.

Coining swara phrases is again a clever manodharmam. It has to suit the kalapramanam, raga rules etc. Taking a note as a nyasa swaram is performed here. Phrases are coined in Korvai or in a garland pattern. The number of notes go on increasing and then decreases to one avarthanam. If Neraval had more than one ragam, the swaram also follows the same ending with a vilomam to the first ragam. Finally as the thalam regresses, the pallavi is sung again making it complete. Theses are some facets in Manodharmam.

Obviously many more nuances exist. Ask New Question Sign In. What is ‘Manodharma’ sangeetham in Carnatic music? How it is achieved without violating the permitted limits of the ragam? Sangeethxm, Saranga, Brindvana Saranga Neraval – once a pallavi is chosen, Neraval is the exposition of the sahityam in accordance to layam.

Have you ever googled yourself? This new site reveals so much more. Enter a name and state to begin. Learn More at truthfinder. You dismissed this ad. The feedback you provide will help us show you more relevant content in the future. Is it limited to Carnatic music? In Carnatic music, how do various Talas influence a Ragam? Can the bhavam of a Ragam be changed by a Sangeethak What raga is this ad?

Which ragas can induce feelings of euphoria? Satheesh Iyer has written a great exhaustive answer on different forms of manodharma music, and I vote for him. The manodharma involves the creative contributions from the singer. To sing the manodharma, one should we well versed in the music. He or she should feel the raga, and should be able to grasp the main phrases, the life phrases, the feel and the way of singing a particular raga. This is possible by hearing lots of compositions as well as manodharma of other maondharma, but is complete only when the practitioner reflects on it.

It depends on how good your relation with a raga is. Sometimes, you need not hear much in a raga, but still there is a good chance that your manodharma is nice.


This is possible, when asngeetham can perceive the svaras and phrases, and are able to judge the mode of presentation and tone of the raga correctly. It is good to experiment with new styles, manoodharma be sure that your style does not distort a raga, rather it only complements it.

This requires a honest and well informed listener. Music depends manodhxrma rasika. Szngeetham, be sure that your rasikas are well informed, so that you get a honest feedback. Some people just do not grasp much, and simply smile and promote you. The initial stage of manodharma practice can be through inspirations from compositions and artists.

It should not be mere copying, but “inspiration” The next stage is when you yourself take a rare raga, and perceive it yourself, feel it and then judge the method to sing it, through your previous experience.

Thus, it becomes a matter of your experience with music. Thus, more your experience with music is, more will be your clarity and hold in perceiving ragas.

That will certainly be a great supplement to your creativity. Of course, it is not the experience of hearing, but experience of use of creativity that improves your manodharma. This is what I can tell extra, based on my experience. Hope my answer is useful. The dead giveaway that tells you when Amazon has the best price. This tool looks for lower prices sangeethxm other stores while you shop on Amazon and tells you where to buy.


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